When a beautiful plate of food passes through the dining room, heads turn and murmurs of “I’ll have that” echo among the tables. Perfect plating sets expectations for the entire meal. After all, people are known to eat with their eyes first.
In healthcare and residential settings, attractive presentation carries rewards for diners and operators. Thoughtfully plated food enhances appetites, and eating well promotes healing and better nutrition. Furthermore, when people are excited about eating, it means less waste and can result in higher satisfaction ratings.
Evidence-based research suggests an enhanced plate presentation can increase food intake, leading to improved care outcomes. This is vital when considering the high risk of malnutrition and dehydration within the elderly population in hospitals and long-term care. As every eater knows, the taste and appearance of food goes a long way toward improving quality of life.
Avoid meal monotony
No one wants to eat food that looks or tastes the same every day, even if it’s a favorite meal. Adding a whirl of cream, using a squeeze bottle to apply sauce or adding a pop of color with a garnish can make a familiar dish feel fresh. But no matter what plating technique is employed, there is one factor that makes a big difference to diners—temperature. People expect their hot entrees hot and their chilled desserts cold.
“Food served at an appropriate temperature is a benchmark for appeal,” according to Gordon Food Service Tabletop and Disposables Product Specialist Jean Van Horn.
She suggests utilizing lowerators (also known as plate warmers or plate dispensers) with self-leveling plate silos to add efficiency on the prep line and help keep food at the intended temperature. And don’t overlook keeping the dish at temperature while bringing it to the table.
“Covering plates, mugs and bowls with lids instead of plastic wrap is one way to improve presentation that also improves appetites,” explains Amy Caudle, Marketing Specialist at Gabriel Group in Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Perfectly prepared, visually striking and well-presented meals require a balance. The back-of-house and front-of-house teams need to work in harmony, from the choice of plate, to the arrangement of food to the table setting. Many plating improvements can be accomplished simply and inexpensively.
Plate like Picasso
Take the ordinary protein, vegetable and starch and make it extraordinary. Placing each component close together in the center of the plate creates focus and unity. Adding height or layering adds pizzaz, but Van Horn cautions kitchens to only use this technique if diners have the motor skills to eat with dignity. A drizzle of olive oil or sauce at the edge of the plate lends a tasty touch of personality.
Be handy with tools
Inexpensive equipment can enhance the way food is plated.
- Squeeze bottles—use to create swirls, lines, dots, and zig-zag patterns with sauce.
- Pastry bags—use to pipe whipped cream or mashed potatoes.
- Powdered sugar shaker—use to sprinkle sugar or cocoa powder.
- Peeler—use to create vegetable strips.
- Spoon and forks—use to spread sauces or create a spoon and fork outline with cocoa powder.
Garnish with purpose
Serving brown oatmeal or scrambled eggs every morning gets boring. Try topping hot cereals with chopped nuts, cinnamon, fresh fruit or peanut butter. A sprinkle of chives or diced tomatoes looks great over egg dishes. On dinner entrees, a sprig of parsley adds color, but it’s a waste if it just gets set aside. Julienned vegetables, sliced fruit, nuts and diced herbs add flavor and flair to the plate.
Soup up soups
A dollop of yogurt, a swirl of cream or a sprinkle of fresh herbs and spices dress up the desirability of a warm bowl of soup.
Dress up desserts
Cut desserts such as sheet cakes into whimsical shapes and sizes. Many sheet cakes come with a template for creative cuts. Toppings—a mound of whipped cream, a dusting of sugar or cocoa powder, a sprinkle of shaved chocolate, a scattering of berries—also add zest.
Choose the right plate
The color of the plate makes a difference, especially for people in memory care or with vision and depth-perception issues. “A red plate can help foods—especially light-colored foods like poultry, pork, potatoes and corn—stand out,” says Gordon Food Service Tabletop Analyst Carol Klein. She also recommends using plates with rims or raised edges to help diners scoop up food.
Size up for success
A nine-inch plate is not overwhelming, Van Horn suggests, and provides the sense of a full plate for those with smaller appetites.
Be best in glass
Drinkware needs to be lightweight, and you don’t want to worry about breakage. “Plastic options are now available that look like glass and are very lightweight,” Klein says. Some also have measuring marks on them that help your staff know how much liquid is poured and consumed.
Get a grip on utensils
Flatware and serving utensils must be easy to hold and lightweight, Van Horn advises. “Heavy pieces are not conducive to guest participation,” she notes.
Keep guests focused
White tablecloths are nice, but placemats help with spatial factors. The color of the placement can help diners frame the plate and identify which utensils, napkins and glasses are theirs.
Think outside the table
The way you present food and beverage options between meals—at places such as hydration and snack carts—is important. Using an attractive beverage dispenser and offering fresh drink garnishes can encourage hydration between meals.
Enhancing the experience
The appearance and presentation of food affects the entire operation. In both hospital and senior living settings there are multiple meals every day, plus snacks and small plates served at activities and between-meal pick-me-ups available anytime. Residents and guests notice foodservice, Klein says, and it shapes their overall impression.
An upscale community will naturally want to have upscale dinnerware. But all communities want to make the right impression with table service that’s flexible, durable and affordable. Whether an operator is just starting out or converting to new dinnerware, Klein recommends using upscale everyday plates and more budget-friendly complementary pieces like mugs and bowls to balance presentation needs and cost concerns.
“Communities are in the business of trying to attract people, so they can’t afford to have unattractive plates or unappealing food,” Klein points out. “Both have to work together to create the right atmosphere.”
Plating How-To List
Van Horn points to these things chefs do to make the best impression:
- Visualize a clock. Put protein on the plate at the 2 o’clock position; vegetables at 6 o’clock; starch at 10 o’clock.
- Think about color, contrast. Light-color food on white plates need a pop of color, and foods with varying textures add appeal.
- Pay attention to details. Are the carrots sliced on a diagonal, in discs or julienned? Know what is easiest for guests to consume.
- Maintain food’s integrity. Place sauce under the protein to anchor it and not cover it. Plate fried foods last so they keep their crunch.
- Utilize tools. Brushes, needlepoint tongs and squeeze bottles can help add an artistic touch when you need it.